Q. The process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters is known as?

[A] Transhumance

[B] In u2013 Migration

[C] Out u2013 Migration

[D] Displacement

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: Movement in search of pastures is undertaken either over vast horizontal distances or vertically from one elevation to another in the mountainous regions.

  • The process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters is known as transhumance.
  • In mountain regions, such as Himalayas, Gujjars, Bakarwals, Gaddis and Bhotiyas migrate from plains to the mountains in summers and to the plains from the high altitude pastures in winters.
  • Similarly, in the tundra regions, the nomadic herders move from south to north in summers and from north to south in winters.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Human Geography