Q. The R.G. Bhandarkar and N.G. Chandavarkar were associated with which of the following?

[A] Arya Samaj

[B] Brahmo Samaj

[C] Prarthana Samaj

[D] Sadharan Brahmo Samaj

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: In 1867, Keshab Chandra Sen helped Atmaram Pandurang found the Prarthana Samaj in Bombay. Earlier, the Brahmo ideas spread in Maharashtra.

  • A precursor of the Prarthana Samaj was the Paramahansa Sabha, something like a secret society to spread liberal ideas and encourage the breakdown of caste and communal barriers.
  • Mahadeo Govind Ranade (1842-1901), joined the samaj in 1870, and much of the popularity of and work done by the society was due to his efforts.
  • His efforts made the samaj gain an all-India character. Other leaders of the samaj were R.G. Bhandarkar (1837- 1925) and N.G. Chandavarkar (1855-1923).

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT