Q. The “Sati Abolition Act” was enacted by which of the following?

[A] Lord Hastings

[B] Lord Wellesley

[C] Lord William Bentinck

[D] Lord Cornwallis

Answer: C

Explanation: Bentinck showed great courage and humanity by his decision to abolish sati, the practice of burning widows alive with the corpses of their husbands.

  • Previous governors-general were reluctant to prohibit the custom as interference in religion but Bentinck enacted a law (Sati Abolition Act, 1829) to put an end to this practice.
  • Raja Rammohan Roy’s campaigns and efforts played a decisive part in getting this inhuman practice abolished.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT