Q. The term ‘Bandagan’ during Delhi sultanate was used for which of the following?

[A] Land revenue

[B] Domestic labor

[C] Military Slaves

[D] Traders

Answer: C

Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (1210-36) of Turkish extraction was a slave of Qutbud-din Aibak. Many of his elite slaves were also of Turkish and Mongol ancestry.  

  • They were brought to Delhi by merchants from trade centres like Bukhara, Samarqand and Baghdad. (There were some slaves of other ethnicities as well).  
  • But Iltutmish gave them all Turkish titles. Iltutmish’s reliance on his elite military slaves (Bandagan) and his practice of appointing them for the posts of governors and generals in far-off places did not change despite the migration into North India of experienced military commanders from distinguished lineages fleeing from the Mongols. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.