Q. The term fazenda is associated with which of the following?

[A] Plantation

[B] Subsistence farming

[C] Nomadic farming

[D] Cattle ranching

Answer: A

Explanation: The French established cocoa and coffee plantations in West Africa.

  • The British set up large tea gardens in India and Sri Lanka, rubber plantations in Malaysia and sugarcane and banana plantations in West Indies.
  • Spanish and Americans invested heavily in coconut and sugarcane plantations in the Philippines.
  • The Dutch once had monopoly over sugarcane plantation in Indonesia.
  • Some coffee fazendas (large plantations) in Brazil are still managed by Europeans.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Human Geography