Q. The term “Kankar” is related to which of the following soil?

[A] Black Soils

[B] Laterite Soils

[C] Alluvial Soils

[D] Red Soils

Answer: C

Explanation: In the Upper and Middle Ganga plain, two different types of alluvial soils have developed, viz. Khadar and Bhangar.

  • Khadar is the new alluvium and is deposited by floods annually, which enriches the soil by depositing fine silts.
  • Bhangar represents a system of older alluvium, deposited away from the flood plains.
  • Both the Khadar and Bhangar soils contain calcareous concretions (Kankars).

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Physical Geography