Q. The term “mafruzi” is related to which of the following?
Explanation: Assertion of authority by Balban led to constant military campaigns against defiant governors and against their local allies.
- Barani mentions Balban’s campaigns in the regions surrounding Delhi and in the doab.
- During these campaigns forests were cleared, new roads and forts constructed, the newly deforested lands given to freshly recruited Afghans and others as rent-free lands (mafruzi) and brought under cultivation.
- New forts were constructed to protect trade routes and village markets.
Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT