Q. The term “mafruzi” is related to which of the following?

[A] Rent free lands

[B] Temple lands

[C] Kings own lands

[D] Donated lands to artists

Answer: A

Explanation: Assertion of authority by Balban led to constant military campaigns against defiant governors and against their local allies.

  • Barani mentions Balban’s campaigns in the regions surrounding Delhi and in the doab.
  • During these campaigns forests were cleared, new roads and forts constructed, the newly deforested lands given to freshly recruited Afghans and others as rent-free lands (mafruzi) and brought under cultivation.
  • New forts were constructed to protect trade routes and village markets.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT