Q. The term “Meluhha” for Indus valley civilization was used by?

[A] Sumerians

[B] Mesopotamians

[C] Persians

[D] Egyptians

Answer: B

Explanation: One of the sources of Harappan economy was trade and exchange activities. Harappans had close trade contacts with the Mesopotamians and also with various cultures of India.

  • The Harappan seals and materials have been found in the Sumerian sites in Oman, Bahrain, and Iraq and Iran.
  • The cuneiform inscriptions mention the trade contacts between Mesopotamia and Harappans.
  • The mention of “Meluhha” in the cuneiform inscriptions refers to the Indus region.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT