Q. The term “nixtamalisation” often seen in news is related to which of the following?

[A] Zero Budget Natural Farming

[B] Fortification of Maize

[C] Solar Energy

[D] Ocean acidification

Answer: B

Explanation: A study has thrown light on how Maya people fortified their maize with chemical process known as ‘nixtamalisation.

  • Nixtamalisation is a method by which the ancient peoples of Mesoamerica (a term used to describe Mexico and Central America) like the Maya used to soak and cook their maize in an alkaline solution and make it more palatable, nutritious and non-toxic.
  • Process ensures that maize contains amino acids, calcium and Vitamin B2, which can be utilized by the human body. It also eliminates certain mycotoxins present in maize.