Q. The term Sudesi, Nanadesi and Ainurruvar during Pallava Kingdom was related with which of the following?
Kanchipuram was an important trading centre in the Pallava period. The merchants had to obtain license to market their goods.
- Traders founded guilds and called themselves as sudesi, nanadesi, ainurruvar and others. Their main guild functioned at Aihole.
- Foreign merchants were known as Nanadesi. It had a separate flag with the figure of bull at the centre, and they enjoyed the right of issuing vira-sasanas.
- The jurisdiction of this guild stretched over entire south-east Asia.
- The chief of this guild is registered in the inscriptions as pattanswamy, pattnakilar, and dandanayaka. Its members were known as ayyavole-parameswariyar.
Source: Tamil Nadu state board.