Q. The terms “grihapatis and kassakas” are related to which of the following?

[A] Bonded labors

[B] Landowners

[C] Agricultural labors

[D] Goldsmiths and Weavers

Answer: B

Explanation: The richer landowners were called grihapatis. These landowners employed labourers called dasas or karmakaras. The smaller landowners were known as kassakas or krishakas.

The society was stratified on the basis of varna. It emerged as a marker of status. Cultivators and artisans were identified as the shudras.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT