Q. The “turkan-i-chahalgani” was formed by whom among the following?

[A] Balban

[B] Iltutmish

[C] Raziya Sultana

[D] Aramshah

Answer: B

Explanation: Iltutmish organised turkan-i-chahalgani, a new class of ruling elite of forty powerful military leaders, the Forty.

  • These were Turkish amirs (nobles) who advised and helped the Sultan in administering the Sultanate.
  • After the death of Iltutmish, this group assumed great power in its hands. For a few years they decided on the selection of Sultans one after the other.
  • The group was finally eliminated by Balban.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT