Q. “Uruguay Round negotiations” is associated with which of the following institution?

[A] Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

[B] World Trade Organization (WTO)

[C] United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

[D] UNFCCC

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: The World Trade Organization (WTO) came into being as a result of the evolution of the multilateral trading system starting with the establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947.

  • The protracted Uruguay Round negotiations spanning the period 1986–1994, which resulted in the establishment of the WTO, substantially extended the reach of multilateral rules and disciplines related to trade in goods, and introduced multilateral rules applicable to trade in agriculture (Agreement on Agriculture), trade in services (General Agreement on Trade in Services— GATS) as well as Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
  • A separate understanding on WTO dispute settlement mechanism (DSU) and trade policy review mechanism (TPRM) was also agreed upon.
  • The WTO provides a rule based transparent and predictable multilateral trading system.
  • The WTO rules envisage non-discrimination in the form of National Treatment and Most Favoured Nation (MFN) treatment to India’s exports in the markets of other WTO Members.

Source: TMH Ramesh Singh