Q. Which Magadha ruler founded the capital city of Pataliputra (modern Patna)?

[A] Kala Asoka

[B] Udayabhadra

[C] Shishunaga

[D] Mahapadma Nanda

Answer: B

Explanation: Udayabhadra (Udayin) (460 BCE – 444 BCE): Founded the new capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna), situated at the confluence of Ganga and Son rivers.

  • Pataliputra had a very strategic location as it lay at the centre of the Magadhan kingdom, which then extended from the Himalayas in the north to the Chhotanagpur Hills in the south.
  • Probably was murdered at the instigation of Palaka, the king of Avanti.

Source: Poonam Dahiya