Q. Which of the following Acts have been enacted by India for “conservation of the coastal and marine environment”?
1. Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
2. Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
3. National Biodiversity Act, 2002.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2, and 3

Answer: D

The Marine Protected Area Network is a tool for managing natural marine resources for biodiversity conservation and for the well-being of people dependent on the resources.  

The Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991, National Biodiversity Act, 2002 and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 have been enacted by India for conservation of the coastal and marine environment along with the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, which also provides for establishment of wildlife protected areas (PAs) by state governments. 

Source: Indian Express