Q. Which of the following are examples of Fold Mountains?
1. Himalayas
2. Caucasus
3. Atlas
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Fold Mountains are created through a process called orogeny. An orogenic event takes millions of years to create a fold mountain.  

  • When a tectonic plate gets pressure from two sides, it gets folded. Some of its portion becomes elevated and forms the mountains. 
  • The depressions form the valleys. The Himalayas, the Rockies, the Andes and the Alps are examples of Fold Mountain.  
  • They are the young mountains of the world and hence they have some of the highest peaks of the world. 

Fold Mountains

Source: ICSE – Total Geography Class – IX