Q. Which of the following are the objectives of National Forest Policy?
1.Bringing 33 per cent of the geographical areas under forest cover.
2.Increasing the forest cover through social forestry and afforestation on degraded land.
3.Creating of a massive people’s movement involving women to encourage planting of trees.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: Forests have an intricate interrelationship with life and environment. These provide numerous direct and indirect advantages to our economy and society.

  • Hence, conservation of forest is of vital importance to the survival and prosperity of humankind.
  • Accordingly, the Government of India proposed to have a nation-wide forest conservation policy, and adopted a forest policy in 1952, which was further modified in 1988.
  • According to the new forest policy, the Government will emphasize sustainable forest management in order to conserve and expand forest reserve on the one hand, and to meet the needs of local people on the other.

The forest policy aimed at:

  1. bringing 33 per cent of the geographical areas under forest cover;
  2. maintaining environmental stability and to restore forests where ecological balance was disturbed;
  3. conserving the natural heritage of the country, its biological diversity and genetic pool;
  4. checks soil erosion, extension of the desert lands and reduction of floods and droughts;
  5. increasing the forest cover through social forestry and afforestation on degraded land;
  6. increasing the productivity of forests to make timber, fuel, fodder and food available to rural population dependent on forests, and encourage the substitution of wood;
  7. Creating of a massive people’s movement involving women to encourage planting of trees, stop felling of trees and thus, reduce pressure on the existing forest.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Physical Geography