Q. Which of the following article/articles of Indian constitution deals with conservation of the forests?
1. Article 46
2. Article 51A
3. Article 16
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

When the Constitution of India was adopted in 1950, the framers were not aware that in future the issues related to forest conservation may arise.  

  • This was realized later as the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act, 1976 was made and Article 48A was added to the part of Directive Principles of State Policy and Article 51A as a fundamental duty of every citizen of India.  
  • As per Article 48A, the state shall make laws to protect and improve the environment to safeguard the forests of our country. 
  • According to Article 51A (g), it is the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including the forests of our country.  

Source: Laxmikanth