Q. Which of the following document/s is/are part of United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)?
1.Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
2.Agenda 21
3.Forest principles
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Also known as the Rio Summit, Rio Conference, Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. The issues addressed included:

  • Systematic scrutiny of patterns of production — particularly the production of toxic components, such as lead in gasoline, or poisonous waste including radioactive chemicals
  • Alternative sources of energy to replace the use of fossil fuels which are linked to global climate change
  • New reliance on public transportation systems in order to reduce vehicle emissions, congestion in cities and the health problems caused by polluted air and smog
  • The growing scarcity of water

The Earth Summit resulted in the following documents:

  • Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
  • Agenda 21
  • Forest Principles

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment