Q. Which of the following dynasty constructed the Golkonda fort?

[A] Kakatiya Dynasty

[B] Nizam Kingdom

[C] Vijayanagara

[D] Chalukyas

Answer: A

The Raja Krishna Dev of the Kakatiya dynasty with Warangal as capital constructed the Golkonda Fort on a granite hill. During 1495–1496 the fort was handed over to Sultan Kali Kutub Khan as a Jagir (land grant).

  • He reconstructed and rechristened the mud fort into a granite fort and called the place Muhammed Nagar.
  • Later, the Golkonda fort came into the possession of the Bahmani dynasty. Still later, the Qutub Shahi dynasty took over and made Golkonda its capital. Golkonda fort owes much of its present grandeur to Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty.
  • The subsequent generations saw Golkonda being fortified further with several additions and the formation of a beautiful city within.
  • By the 17th century, Golkonda was famous as a diamond market. It gave the world some of the best-known diamonds, including the ‘Kohinoor’.

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.