Q. Which of the following factor/factors influence/influences the distribution of population?
1.Availability of water
3.Social and political unrest
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: Availability of water: Water is the most important factor for life. So, people prefer to live in areas where fresh water is easily available.

  • Water is used for drinking, bathing and cooking – and also for cattle, crops, industries and navigation.
  • It is because of this that river valleys are among the most densely populated areas of the world.

Urbanization: Cities offer better employment opportunities, educational and medical facilities, better means of transport and communication.

  • Good civic amenities and the attraction of city life draw people to the cities. It leads to rural to urban migration and cities grow in size.
  • Mega cities of the world continue to attract large number of migrants every year.

Some places attract more people because they have religious or cultural significance. In the same way – people tend to move away from places where there is social and political unrest.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Human Geography