Q. Which of the following functional item/s is/are under the purview of panchayats under 11th Schedule?
1.Land improvement
2.Watershed development
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: 11th Schedule contains the following 29 functional items placed within the purview of panchayats:

  • Agriculture, including agricultural extension
  • Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation
  • Minor irrigation, water management and watershed development
  • Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry
  • Fisheries
  • Social forestry and farm forestry
  • Minor forest produce
  • Small-scale industries, including food processing industries
  • Khadi, village and cottage industries
  • Rural housing
  • Drinking water

Source: Laxmikanth Polity