Q. Which of the following is/are come/comes under Kyoto Protocol?
1.International Emissions Trading
2.Clean Development Mechanism
3.Joint Implementation
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: One important element of the Kyoto Protocol was the establishment of flexible market mechanisms, which are based on the trade of emissions permits. Under the Protocol, countries must meet their targets primarily through national measures. However, the Protocol also offers them an additional means to meet their targets by way of three market-based mechanisms:

  • International Emissions Trading
  • Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
  • Joint implementation (JI)

Source: https://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol