Q. Which of the following is/are come/s under original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
1.The dispute between the Centre and one or more states.
2.The dispute between the Centre and any state or states on one side and one or more other states on the other side.
3.The dispute between two or more states.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: As a federal court, the Supreme Court decides the disputes between different units of the Indian Federation. More elaborately, any dispute:

  • Between the Centre and one or more states; or
  • Between the Centre and any state or states on one side and one or more other states on the other side; or
  • Between two or more states.

In the above federal disputes, the Supreme Court has exclusive original jurisdiction. Exclusive means, no other court can decide such disputes and original means, the power to hear such disputes in the first instance, not by way of appeal.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity