Q. Which of the following is/are come/s under the category of critical minerals?
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: The shift to a clean energy system is set to drive a huge increase in the requirements for critical minerals.

  • This is because an energy system powered by clean energy technologies differs profoundly from one fuelled by traditional hydrocarbon resources.
  • Cobalt, copper, lithium, nickel, and rare earth elements (REEs) are critical for producing electric vehicles and batteries and harnessing solar power and wind energy.
  • Solar photovoltaic (PV) plants, wind farms and electric vehicles (EVs) generally require more minerals than their fossil fuel-based counterparts.
  • A typical electric car requires six times the mineral inputs of a conventional car, and an onshore wind plant requires nine times more mineral resources than a gas-fired plant.

Source: Economic Survey 2023