Q. Which of the following is/are consists of present day “Gondwana land”?
1. Africa
2. Latin America
3. Madagascar
4. European Continent
5. North American Continent
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1, 2, 4 and 5 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1, 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer: C
Notes:

Gondwanaland or “Gondwana” is the name for the southern half of the Pangaean supercontinent that existed some 300 million years ago.  

  • Gondwanaland is composed of the major continental blocks of South America, Africa, Arabia, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India, Antarctica, and Australia.  
  • The name “Gondwana” is derived from a tribe in India (Gonds) and “wana” meaning “land of.”  
  • Gondwanaland is superficially divided into a western half (Africa and South America) and an eastern half (India, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Antarctica, and Australia). 

Source: NCERT XI India Physical Environment