Q. Which of the following is/are Gandhian Principle of DPSP?
1.Promotion of cottage industries.
2.Management of cooperative societies.
3.Promotion of educational and economic interests of SCs and ST’s.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: Gandian Principle represents the programme of reconstruction enunciated by Gandhi during the national movement. To fulfil the dreams of Gandhi, some of his ideas were included as Directive Principles. They require the State:

  • To organise village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government (Article 40).
  • To promote cottage industries on an individual or cooperation basis in rural areas (Article 43).
  • To promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of cooperative societies8a (Article 43B).
  • To promote the educational and economic interests of SCs, STs, and other weaker sections of society and to protect them from social injustice and exploitation (Article 46).

Source: Laxmikanth’s Polity