Q. Which of the following is/are goals of Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)?
1.The conservation of biodiversity
2.Sustainable use of the components of biodiversity
3.Sharing the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): CBD is a legally binding Convention recognized for the first time, that the conservation of biological diversity is “a common concern of humankind” and is an integral part of the development process. The agreement covers all ecosystems, species, and genetic resources.

Objectives: The conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding.

Three main goals:

  • The conservation of biodiversity
  • Sustainable use of the components of biodiversity
  • Sharing the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment