Q. Which of the following is/are impact made by Portuguese Presence on Indian Sub-Continent?
1.For the first time in the political history of India the Europeans conquered and seized territories from the Indian rulers.
2.Indian rulers remained divided and Europeans took advantage of it.
3.The Europeans adopted new methods in the warfare, gun powder and superior artillery played a significant role.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: The Impact of Portuguese Presence:

  • For the first time in the political history of India the Europeans conquered and seized territories from the Indian rulers.
  • Indian rulers remained divided and Europeans took advantage of it.
  • The Europeans adopted new methods in the warfare. Gun powder and superior artillery played a significant role.
  • The Portuguese could contain the monopolistic trade of the Arabs. But it did not really help them. Instead, it benefited the British who removed pirates on the sea routes and made the sea voyage safe.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT