Q. Which of the following is/are impact/s of Alexander’s invasion on Indian subcontinent?
1.Alexander’s historians have left valuable geographical and historical/ chronological accounts of ancient Indian history.
2.It exposed India to Europe by opening four distinct lines of communication — three by land and one by sea.
3.Establishment of a cosmopolitan school of arts at Mathura.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: Alexander’s invasion was the first occasion when ancient Europe came into close contact with ancient India, and it produced significant outcomes.

  • One of the most important outcomes of the invasion was the establishment of direct contact between India and Greece in different fields. Alexander’s historians have left valuable geographical and historical/ chronological accounts of ancient Indian history.
  • One of the other long-term effects of Alexander’s campaign was that he exposed India to Europe by opening four distinct lines of communication — three by land and one by sea (as Alexander sent his admiral Nearchus via sea route to Iran).
  • Another significant cultural development was the establishment of a cosmopolitan school of arts at Gandhara.
  • An indirect effect of Alexander’s invasion was that it paved the way for unification of north India under Chandragupta Maurya.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT