Q. Which of the following is/are implication/s of new land settlements introduced by British?
1.The British fixed the land revenue in cash.
2.They institutionalized the commoditization of land.
3.Commercialization of agriculture in India.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: The British destroyed the traditional basis of Indian land system. In the pre British days, the land revenue was realised by sharing the actual crop with the cultivators.

  • The British fixed the land revenue in cash without any regard to various contingencies, such as failure of crops; fall in prices and droughts or floods.
  • There were also two other major implications of the new land settlements introduced by the East India Company.
  • They institutionalised the commodification of land and commercialisation of agriculture in India.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT