Q. Which of the following is/are likely the cause(s) of ‘Winter Heat Waves’ in India?:
1.Strong Western Disturbances
2.Anti-cyclone formation over the Arabian Sea
3.Increasing Lapse rate
Select the correct option using the code given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 3 only

Answer: B

Explanation – The causes of winter heat waves in India are – weak western disturbances, Anti-cyclone formation over the Arabian Sea, declining lapse rate (the rate at which temperatures cool from the surface to the upper atmosphere), climate change, etc.