Q. Which of the following is/are objective/objectives of National Forest Policy, 1988?
1.Conserving the natural heritage of the country by preserving the remaining natural forests with the vast variety of flora and fauna,
2.Checking soil erosion and denudation in the catchment’s areas of rivers, lakes and reservoirs.
3.Checking the extension of sand-dunes in the desert areas of Rajasthan and along the coastal tracts.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: The principal aim of National Forest Policy, 1988 is to ensure environmental stability and maintenance of ecological balance including atmospheric equilibrium which is vital for sustenance of all life forms, human, animal and plant.

Objectives:

Conserving the natural heritage of the country by preserving the remaining natural forests with the vast variety of flora and fauna, which represent the remarkable biological diversity and genetic resources of the country.

  • Checking soil erosion and denudation in the catchment’s areas of rivers, lakes, reservoirs in the “interest of soil and water conservation, for mitigating floods and droughts and for the retardation of siltation of reservoirs.
  • Checking the extension of sand-dunes in the desert areas of Rajasthan and along the coastal tracts.
  • Increasing substantially the forest/tree cover in the country through massive afforestation and social forestry programmes, especially on all denuded, degraded and unproductive lands.
  • Increasing the productivity of forests to meet essential national needs.
  • Encouraging efficient utilization of forest produce and maximizing substitution of wood.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment