Q. Which of the following is/are pressure group/s (business group/s)?
1.Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
2.Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India
3.Federation of All India Food Grain Dealers Association
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: A large number of pressure groups exist in India. But they are not developed to the same extent as in the US or the western countries like Britain, France, and Germany and so on. The pressure groups in India can be broadly classified into the following categories:

Business Groups: The business groups include a large number of industrial and commercial bodies. They are the most sophisticated, the most powerful and the largest of all pressure groups in India. They include:

  1. Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI); major constituents are the Indian Merchants Chamber of Bombay, Indian Merchants Chamber of Calcutta and South Indian Chamber of Commerce of Madras. It broadly represents major industrial and trading interests.
  2. Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM); major constituents are the Bengal Chamber of Commerce of Calcutta and Central Commercial Organisation of Delhi. ASSOCHAM represents foreign British capital.
  3. Federation of All India Food Grain Dealers Association (FAIFDA). FAIFDA is the sole representative of the grain dealers.
  4. All-India Manufacturers Organization (AIMO). AIMO raises the concerns of the medium-sized industry.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity