Q. Which of the following is/are reason/reasons for excessive cold in North India?
1.Far away from influence of Sea
2.Snowfall in nearby Himalayan ranges
3.Cold winds coming from the Caspian Sea
Choose the correct answer from the given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: There are three main reasons for the excessive cold in north India during this season:

  1. States like Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan being far away from the moderating influence of sea experience continental climate.
  2. The snowfall in the nearby Himalayan ranges creates cold wave situation; and
  3. Around February, the cold winds coming from the Caspian Sea and Turkmenistan bring cold wave along with frost and fog over the northwestern parts of India.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Physical Geography