Q. Which of the following is/are recommendation/s of Ashok Mehta Committee?
1.The three-tier system of panchayati raj should be replaced by the two-tier system.
2.Zila parishad should be the executive body and made responsible for planning at the district level.
3.There should be an official participation of political parties at all levels of panchayat elections.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: In December 1977, the Janata Government appointed a committee on panchayati raj institutions under the chairmanship of Ashok Mehta.

It submitted its report in August 1978 and made 132 recommendations to revive and strengthen the declining panchayati raj system in the country. Its main recommendations were:

  • The three-tier system of panchayati raj should be replaced by the two-tier system, that is, zila parishad at the district level, and below it, the mandal panchayat consisting of a group of villages with a total population of 15,000 to 20,000.
  • A district should be the first point for decentralization under popular supervision below the state level.
  • Zila parishad should be the executive body and made responsible for planning at the district level.
  • There should be an official participation of political parties at all levels of panchayat elections.
  • The panchayati raj institutions should have compulsory powers of taxation to mobilize their own financial resources.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity