Q. Which of the following is/are recommendations of “N K Singh committee”?
1. The combined debt-to-GDP ratio of the centre and states should be brought down to 80 per cent by 2023.
2. The Committee advocated Fiscal Deficit as the operating target to bring down public debt.
3. The Committee also recommends that centre reduce its revenue deficit steadily by 0.5% GDP points each year.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B
Notes:

The FRBM Review Committee headed by former Revenue Secretary, NK Singh was appointed by the government to review the implementation of FRBM. In its report submitted in January 2017, titled, ‘The Committee in its Responsible Growth: A Debt and Fiscal Framework for 21st Century India’, the Committee suggested that a rule based fiscal policy by limiting government debt, fiscal deficit and revenue deficits to certain targets is good for fiscal consolidation in India. Following are the main recommendations of the NK Singh Committee. 

  • Public debt to GDP ratio should be considered as a medium-term anchor for fiscal policy in India. The combined debt-to-GDP ratio of the centre and states should be brought down to 60 per cent by 2023 (comprising of 40 per cent for the Centre and 20% for states) as against the existing 49.4 per cent, and 21per cent respectively. 
  • Fiscal deficit as the operating target: The Committee advocated fiscal deficit as the operating target to bring down public debt. For fiscal consolidation, the centre should reduce its fiscal deficit from the current 3.5% (2017) to 2.5% by 2023. 
  • Revenue deficit target:  The Committee also recommends that the central government should reduce its revenue deficit steadily by 0.25 percentage (of GDP) points each year, to reach 0.8% by 2023, from a projected value of 2.3% in 2017. 
  • Formation of Fiscal Council to advice the government:  The Committee advocated formation of institutions to ensure fiscal prudence in accordance with the FRBM spirit. It recommended setting up an independent Fiscal Council. The Council will provide several advisory functions. 
  • Escape Clause to accommodate counter cyclical issues. 

Source: Sriram’s IAS