Q. Which of the following is/are the part of Gandhi’s eleven demands?
1.Reduce expenditure on Army and civil services by 50 per cent.
2.Introduce total prohibition.
3.Reduce land revenue by 50 per cent.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: To carry forward the mandate given by the Lahore Congress, Gandhi presented eleven demands to the government and gave an ultimatum of January 31, 1930 to accept or reject these demands. The demands were as follows –

  1. Reduce expenditure on Army and civil services by 50 per cent.
  2. Introduce total prohibition.
  3. Carry out reforms in Criminal Investigation Department (CID).
  4. Change Arms Act allowing popular control of issue of firearms licences.
  5. Release political prisoners.
  6. Accept Postal Reservation Bill.
  7. Reduce rupee-sterling exchange ratio to 1s 4d
  8. Introduce textile protection.
  9. Reserve coastal shipping for Indians.
  10. Reduce land revenue by 50 per cent.
  11. Abolish salt tax and government’s salt monopoly.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCER