Q. Which of the following is/are the reasons for increased quest for and discovery of a sea route to India in 15th Century by European Nations?
1. Obsession of Prince Henry of Portugal to find India.
2. Red Sea trade route was monopolised by Islamic rulers.
3. The art of ship building and navigation had great advances in Europe.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 1 and 3 only

[C] 2 onlyu00a0

[D] 1, 2 and 3u00a0

Answer: D

Historians have observed that the idea of finding an ocean route to India had become an obsession for Prince Henry of Portugal, who was nicknamed the ‘Navigator’. 

In 1453, Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks, due to which merchandise trade from India to the European markets came under Arab Muslim intermediaries. The Red Sea trade route was a state monopoly from which Islamic rulers earned tremendous revenues.  

In 15th Century, Europe made great advances in the art of ship-building and navigation. Hence, there was eagerness all over Europe for adventurous sea voyages to reach the unknown corners of the East. 

Source: Spectrum Modern India.