Q. Which of the following is/are the recommendation/s of Balwant Rai G Mehta committee?
1.Establishment of a three-tier panchayati raj system.
2.All three-tier system would be elected directly.
3.All planning and development activities should be entrusted to these bodies.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: In January 1957, the Government of India appointed a committee to examine the working of the Community Development Programme (1952) and the National Extension Service (1953) and to suggest measures for their better working. The chairman of this committee was Balwant Rai G Mehta.

The committee submitted its report in November 1957 and recommended the establishment of the scheme of ‘democratic decentralisation’, which ultimately came to be known as Panchayati Raj.

The specific recommendations made by it are:

  • Establishment of a three-tier panchayati raj system–gram panchayat at the village level, panchayat samiti at the block level and zila parishad at the district level. These tiers should be organically linked through a device of indirect elections.
  • The village panchayat should be constituted with directly elected representatives, whereas the panchayat samiti and zila parishad should be constituted with indirectly elected members.
  • All planning and development activities should be entrusted to these bodies.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity