Q. Which of the following is/are type (s) of Government Securities (G-Sec)?
1. Treasury Bills (T-bills)
2. Cash Management Bills (CMBs)
3. Dated Government Securities
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 onlyu00a0

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

A Government Security (G-Sec) is a tradeable instrument issued by the Central Government or the State Governments. It acknowledges the Government’s debt obligation.  

Such securities are short term (usually called treasury bills, with original maturities of less than one year) or long term (usually called Government bonds or dated securities with original maturity of one year or more).  

In India, the Central Government issues both, treasury bills and bonds or dated securities while the State Governments issue only bonds or dated securities, which are called the State Development Loans (SDLs).  

G-Secs carry practically no risk of default and, hence, are called risk-free gilt-edged instruments. 

  • Treasury Bills (T-bills): Treasury bills or T-bills, which are money market instruments, are short term debt instruments issued by the Government of India and are presently issued in three tenors, namely, 91-day, 182 day and 364 days.  
  • Cash Management Bills (CMBs): In 2010, Government of India, in consultation with RBI introduced a new short-term instrument, known as Cash Management Bills (CMBs), to meet the temporary mismatches in the cash flow of the Government of India. The CMBs have the generic character of T-bills but are issued for maturities less than 91 days. 
  • Dated G-Secs: Dated G-Secs are securities which carry a fixed or floating coupon (interest rate) which is paid on the face value, on half-yearly basis. Generally, the tenor of dated securities ranges from 5 years to 40 years. 

Source: RBI