Q. Which of the following is the first country to implement the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA)?
Explanation: The first country to give importance to EIA through its National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) of 1969 was the United States.
A large number of countries followed, which were having industries. Canada, Australia, the Netherlands and Japan adopted EIA legislation in 1973, 1974, 1981 and 1984, respectively.
Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment