Q. Which of the following is the first country to implement the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA)?

[A] Canada

[B] Australia

[C] United States of America

[D] Netherlands

Answer: C

Explanation: The first country to give importance to EIA through its National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) of 1969 was the United States.

A large number of countries followed, which were having industries. Canada, Australia, the Netherlands and Japan adopted EIA legislation in 1973, 1974, 1981 and 1984, respectively.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment