Q. Which of the following programmes are comes under target area programme?
1.Command Area Development Programme
2.Desert Development Programme
3.Small Farmers Development Agency
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: The planning process has to take special care of those areas which have remained economically backward.

  • As you know, the economic development of a region depends upon its resource base. But sometimes resource-rich region also remain backward.
  • Economic development requires technology, as well as, investment besides resources.
  • With the planning experience of about one-and-a-half decades, it was realised that regional imbalances in economic development were getting accentuated.
  • In order to arrest the accentuation of regional and social disparties, the Planning Commission introduced the ‘target area’ and target group approaches to planning.
  • Some of the examples of programmes directed towards the development of target areas are Command Area Development Programme, Drought Prone Area Development Programme, Desert Development Programme, Hill Area Development Programme.
  • The Small Farmers Development Agency (SFDA) and Marginal Farmers Development Agency (MFDA) which are the examples of target group programme.

Source: NCERT – India People & Economy