Q. Which of the following statement about Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) is/are correct?:
1. NITI Aayog has prepared the Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI).
2. It carried assessment for the entire Indian coast at States level.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

About the Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI):

  • INCOIS has carried out a coastal vulnerability assessment for the entire Indian coast at States level.
  • It has brought out an Atlas comprising 156 maps on 1:1,00,000 scales to prepare a Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI).
  • The atlas determines the coastal risks due to future sea-level rise based on the physical and geological parameters for the Indian coast.

Parameters used:

  • Tidal range
  • Wave height
  • Coastal slope
  • Coastal elevation
  • Shoreline change rate
  • Geomorphology and
  • Historical rate of relative sea-level change.

Coverage: The mapping was carried out for the entire mainland of India on a 1:25000 scale. The maps depict coastal low-lying areas exposed to the coastal inundation.

Source: Important Indexes