Q. Which of the following statement about Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) is/are correct?
1. IT resources of ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and UPI managing entity NPCI as Critical Information Infrastructure.
2. National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) was created in 2021 as the nodal agency to protect the nation’s Critical Information Infrastructure (CII).
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: The Union Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) has declared the IT resources of ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and UPI managing entity NPCI as Critical Information Infrastructure.

About Critical Information Infrastructure (CII)

  • The Information Technology Act, 2000 defines CII as a computer resource, the incapacitation or destruction of which shall have a debilitating impact on national security, economy, public health or safety.
  • Under the Act, the Government has the power to declare any database, IT network or communications infrastructure as CII to protect that digital asset.
  • Any person who secures access or attempts to secure access to a protected system in violation of the law can be punished with a jail term of up to 10 years.

Protection of CIIs in India

National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) was created in 2014. It is the nodal agency for taking all measures to protect the nation’s Critical Information Infrastructure (CII).

Source: EPIC July 2022