Q. Which of the following statement is NOT correct?

[A] Warren Hastings who was Governor of Fort William was made Governor-General of Bengal according to the Regulating Act of 1773.

[B] The Charter Act 1813 designated this post as Governor-General of India and William Bentinck was appointed the first Governor-General of united British India.

[C] The Governor-General was selected by the Court of Directors of the East India Company.

[D] Canning was the first Viceroy and Governor-General of India accountable to the British Parliament.

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: The administrative head of East India Company was Governor (of Fort William or of Fort St. George) until 1772.

  • Warren Hastings who was Governor of Fort William was made Governor-General of Bengal according to the Regulating Act of 1773.
  • The Charter Act 1833 designated this post as Governor-General of India and William Bentinck was appointed the first Governor-General of united British India.
  • The Governor-General was selected by the Court of Directors of the East India Company, to whom he was responsible.
  • After the great rebellion of 1857, when the government of India was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown, the title “Viceroy and Governor-General” was first used in the queen’s proclamation of 1858.
  • Canning was the first Viceroy and Governor-General of India accountable to the British Parliament.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT