Q. Which of the following statement is NOT correct regarding 73rd Constitutional Amendment?

[A] Gram Sabha is a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls of a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village level.

[B] All the members of panchayats at the village, intermediate and district levels shall be elected directly by the people.

[C] The act provides for the reservation of not less than one-third of the total number of seats for women.

[D] A state having a population not exceeding 40 lakhs may not constitute panchayats at the intermediate level.

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: The act provides for a Gram Sabha as the foundation of the panchayati raj system. It is a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls of a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village level.

  • The act provides for a three-tier system of panchayati raj in every state, that is, panchayats at the village, intermediate, and district levels.
  • Thus, the act brings about uniformity in the structure of panchayati raj throughout the country.
  • However, a state having a population not exceeding 20 lakhs may not constitute panchayats at the intermediate level.
  • All the members of panchayats at the village, intermediate and district levels shall be elected directly by the people.
  • Further, the chairperson of panchayats at the intermediate and district levels shall be elected indirectly–by and from amongst the elected members thereof.
  • The act provides for the reservation of not less than one-third of the total number of seats for women (including the number of seats reserved for women belonging the SCs and STs).

Source: Laxmikanth Polity