Q. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Konkan coast?
1. It extends from Mumbai to South Karnataka.
2. It has high annual range of temperature.
3. It receives rainfall by the Arabian Sea branch of Southwest monsoon.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1, 2 and 3

[B] 3 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1 and 3 only

Answer: D
Notes:

India’s climate is controlled by a number of factors which can be broadly divided into two groups — factors related to location and relief, and factors related to air pressure and winds. With a long coastline, large coastal areas have an equable climate.  

  • Areas in the interior of India are far away from the moderating influence of the sea. Such areas have extremes of climate.  
  • That is why the people of Mumbai and the Konkan coast have hardly any idea of extremes of temperature and the seasonal rhythm of weather.  
  • On the other hand, the seasonal contrasts in weather at places in the interior of the country such as Delhi, Kanpur and Amritsar affect the entire sphere of life. 

Source: NCERT – XI India Physical Environment