Q. Which of the following statements is/are correct about ‘Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act’?
1. The act was enacted after Earth Summit.
2. Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Authority was established in 2005.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

India enacted the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act in 2001 for the protection of plant varieties, the rights of farmers and plant breeders and to encourage the development of new plant varieties.  

  • Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Authority was established in New Delhi in November, 2005 as per provision under the Act.  
  • The Authority has made landmark achievement in last ten years. Registration of plant varieties was started by the Authority with twelve crop species in 2007 and now 114 crop species are covered under the umbrella of PPV&FRA for granting IPR. 

Source: The Hindu