Q. Which of the following statements is/are correct about “Red soils” in India?
1. It is formed as a result of weathering of metamorphic and igneous rocks.
2. It is rich in nitrogen content but lacks potash, humus and phosphate content.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Red soil is formed as a result of weathering of metamorphic and igneous rocks.  

  • The red color of the soil comes from the high percentage of iron content.  
  • The soil’s texture varies from being sandy to clayey, but it is mainly loamy. 
  • Red soil is rich in potash content but lacks phosphate, humus and nitrogen content.  
  • The red soil is found in regions such as Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, some parts of Karnataka and southeast Maharashtra. 

Source: NCERT